Nigeria has not implemented zip codes for it's numerous
zones. The term ZIP which stands for zonal improvement
planning was adopted by the USA in 1963 to facilitate the travel
of mails from one zone to another within united states.
And the basic format consists of 5 digits e.g. 43119
(for Galloway) and 43229 ( for Columbus) Ohio. There are
4 types of zip codes: i) unique zip codes: assigned to a
single high volume location ii) post off box zip code:
used for PO Boxes only ii) Military zip codes : used to route mails
for the united states military iv) standard zip codes
used for all other types regions and situations. ZIP Codes
appoints mail delivery points (a
single mailbox) within the United States and overseas stations of its armed forces.
we have a brief understanding of ZIP Codes, we can now
look at what Nigeria and other countries in Africa use
in it's place. Nigeria uses postal code system which
consists of six digit numbers. Nigerian postal system (NIPOST)
divides the country into nine regions and the first
digit of the postal code represent each of these
regions. The second and third digit in combination with
the first designates the dispatch district for outgoing
mail sorting. And the last three digits appoints the
delivery location. The main postal head office in each
region will have a postal code that ends in 0001.
Nigeria's postal code is not 234( which is the
international dialing code for Nigerian phone numbers.).
NIPOST (Nigerian Postal Service) is government-owned and operated corporation
and is responsible for providing postal services in
Nigeria. It runs more than 5,000 post offices and has
well over 20,000 employees.